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Josanie (Ulzana) Circa 1885

Josanie (Ulzana) Circa 1885

From Huachuca Illustrated:

"In two months of raising riot and replenishing their stock, Josanie’s band of eleven killed thirty-eight Americans. They had traveled about 1,200 miles, stolen some 250 head of stock, and fired thousands of dollars worth of property. The people of New Mexico were living in constant fear."

"This small raiding party with ten warriors was led by Josanie (sometimes called Ulzanna), the brother of Chihuahua, and during November and December they crisscrossed the Florida Mountains in New Mexico, killing, stealing, spreading havoc, and completely balking all American efforts to pin them down."

"Henry Daly said: 'He slipped through all the snares laid for him by the scouts of Captain Wirt Davis’'s and Captain Crawford'’s commands. The troops guarding every water hole along the line could offer no resistance to his whirlwind dashes through their lines. He slipped into Fort Apache, in November 1885 and killed twelve of the friendlies and carried off six of their women. He stole a bunch of horses out of a corral at White’s Ranch when there were a lot of cow-boys guarding them who had remarked that they would like to see the color of a redskin that could get away with their horses. His party dashed into the various hamlets across the Mexican line and purchased what supplies of ammunition, mescal, etc., that they wanted, and made love to the Mexican women of those villages. When occasion demanded, they could ride one hundred miles in twenty-four hours and could nearly do the same on foot with as much ease.'"

"The Josanie crisis was enough to bring General Phil Sheridan to Bowie for an official visit on November 29..."