Goldfield was a boom town in the first decade of the 20th century due to the discovery of gold. Virgil and Wyatt Earp came to town and Virgil was hired as deputy sheriff. He died there of pneumonia on October 18, 1905. Wyatt left shortly thereafter. Once the largest town in Nevada with a population of 20,000 Goldfield was the site of miner unrest which saw Teddy Roosevelt send 300 federal troops to keep the peace in 1907. The town had a resident population of 268 at the 2010 census.
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